Crohn’s disease, a chronic inflammatory intestinal disease, can affect any part or the entire intestinal tract. Although Crohn’s disease is incurable, some medications can be used to manage its symptoms and long-term relief. In severe cases, surgery may be helpful but it will not cure the condition. Lifestyle changes are important in maintaining the disease in remission. Let’s talk in detail about the treatment options available for Crohn’s Disease.
Lifestyle changes are important for any chronic condition. These lifestyle changes can help reduce the severity of Crohn’s disease and speed up recovery. Active Crohn’s symptoms can be improved by reducing stress. Exercise is a great way to reduce stress and improve your overall health. Studies have shown that smoking can make symptoms worse. In addition, it can be a major indicator that symptoms will return after surgery. Stop smoking immediately. Ask your doctor for assistance if you have any problems quitting.
A few studies have shown that Crohn’s disease can be increased by eating high-fat, high-sugar, and processed foods. Too much fiber can worsen Crohn’s disease. Individuals with Crohn’s disease can eat a balanced amount of fiber. Vegetables and fruits should be cooked properly by steaming or baking. Spicy foods, dairy products, and fatty foods can worsen symptoms. To ensure that you have the best possible dietary planning, it is important to include a dietitian as part of your care team.
Many medications are used to treat Crohn’s disease. The severity of Crohn’s disease determines which medications are recommended. They can be used to treat symptoms or prevent flare-ups. There are many types of medications:
Aminosalicylates (including sulfasalazine, Azulfidine, and mesalamine): These medications reduce inflammation during acute flare-ups and help prevent recurrences for mild cases.
Antibiotics: Antibiotics such as Flagyl(Flagyl), and ciprofloxacin(Cipro) have anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, and other properties. They can be used for treating fistulas in mild Crohn’s.
Steroids: The following anti-inflammatory medications can be used to manage and prevent flare-ups. They may not cause Crohn’s disease to go into remission but they won’t keep it there.
Biologics: This is a class of medication that is used to treat moderate-to-severe Crohn’s disease. It also reduces inflammation. Biologics can suppress your immune system and help you get into remission or stay in remission. These medications include Trexall, adalimumab(Humira), azathioprine [Imuran], infliximab (“Remicade”), and certolizumab pegol(Cimzia). These medications are often combined with steroids and can reduce the dosage of the steroid and make withdrawal much easier.
Individuals with Crohn’s may consider surgical therapy if they are unable to maintain remission, or if their condition is more severe than usual. If your doctor thinks that you are in danger of developing Crohn’s, such as a blocked bowel or an abscess, or if the intestinal lining is damaged or bleeding excessively, your doctor may recommend surgery. Surgery can be used to treat a variety of conditions, including draining an abscess or repairing a stricture. It may also partially remove the intestine. Crohn’s disease cannot be treated with surgery. Some patients may experience some relief from their symptoms with surgery. Most patients experience temporary remission after surgery.
Integrative Medicine Therapies
A few small studies have shown that some alternative therapies such as acupuncture, homeopathy, and herbs may be more effective than traditional treatments for Crohn’s disease. If you feel that alternative therapies might be appropriate, it is important to talk with your doctor.